In order to perform the initial configuration of a Cisco router, you will need to create a terminal session with the router via its console port. On a Cisco 2501, the console port uses an RJ-45 connection and is an asynchronous serial port that uses the common EIA/TIA-232 communications standard. Asynchronous serial differs from synchronous in that it doesn’t require synchronized clocking between the two systems. Instead, systems use what are known as start and stop bits to mark the beginning and end of a character.
While the console port may look like it should be used for a standard Ethernet connection, do not make this mistake – it is not an Ethernet port, and a straight-through or crossover cable will not provide a proper connection. Instead, connections to this port are made using what is referred to as a rollover cable. This cable is usually included when you purchase the router, but we’ll look at how to create our own rollover cable shortly.
The physical connection to the console port is made via a standard PC COM port. Since the COM port on a PC is usually accessed via a DB-9 or DB-25 serial interface, a small RJ-45 to DB-9 (or DB-25) adapter is required. Again, this adapter is usually included with the router, and is labeled “TERMINAL”. Once the rollover cable is connected to both the PC COM port and the console port on the router, the router can be configured using a terminal emulation program like Windows HyperTerminal. The communications settings are the same as those looked at in Chapter 3 for connecting to the console port on a Cisco 1900 switch. As a reminder, the settings remain:
- Bits per second – 9600
- Data bits – 8
- Parity – None
- Stop bits – 1
- Flow Control – None
We’ll discuss the initial connection to and configuration of a Cisco 2500 router in Chapter 7.